What are Proxies and How They Work?

The development of the internet and digital technologies has introduced us to many exciting things. Businesses and individuals alike use various tools, apps, and services in their everyday operations. In fact, there are a lot of people that use internet technologies to make a living.

At the same time, companies use them to stay competitive and stay ahead of the curve. Sometimes it can be difficult to keep up with the technologies that can help you, and one of the newest additions to the whole plethora of tools are web proxies.

But what is a proxy? If you came here to learn more about them and how they can benefit you, here’s what you need to know.

What is a Proxy?

A proxy is a web server that is located between an internet user and the web. They come with different capabilities, functionalities, security features, and so on. What’s the point of proxies, though? It’s quite simple – they act as your gateway to the internet.

All the traffic that goes to and from your device goes through proxies first. When you send out a request, it goes through the proxy before reaching the website. On the other hand, when someone sends you data from the online world, it goes through the proxy before reaching you.

How Proxies Operate

Web proxies are pretty straightforward, they replace your IP with their own, or they can generate several IP addresses for you to rotate between. The Internet Protocol Address is something that every computer connected online has.

Simply put, it’s the digital address you need to have online so that services can know where to deliver your data. It helps you act like someone else or make it look like you’re somewhere else.

Nobody will be able to figure out who is sending the requests. At the same time, proxies can filter the information you get and encrypt data giving more security.

Types of Proxies

There are many different types of proxies, depending on the way they are set up and the functionalities they offer. In fact, we are continually seeing new types and variations coming out. However, some of the most common proxies are:

High Anonymity Proxies

These proxies change IP addresses periodically, making it difficult to trace traffic. They are very secure and offer a high level of privacy.

Distorting Proxies

These proxies present themselves as proxies to websites, but at the same time, they pass a fake IP address for the user, making them great for unblocking geo-restrictions.

Anonymous Proxies

These proxies also identify themselves similarly to distorting proxies. However, they don’t pass the user IP to the site. That enables them to prevent targeted advertising, make your connection private, and prevent identity theft.

Transparent Proxies

These proxies are completely transparent. They give away your real IP and present themselves as proxies, which is why they are mostly used for filtering content and nothing else.

How Proxies are Used in Business

Proxies are mostly used by businesses of all kinds. Here are some of the most popular ways they are used.

For Web Scraping

Proxies enable web scraping. They can rotate IP addresses, allowing the scraper to go through pages countless times without being blocked.

Balancing Traffic

Proxies can allocate multiple servers that will take over when needed. They can balance traffic and ensure there are no overloads.

Improving Security

A lot of companies use proxies to reinforce their security and prevent data theft.

Managing Brand Reputation

Proxies are also used for managing brand mentions and reputation. They can help you find brand mentions without any blocks and do better online PR.

Benefits of Business Proxies

The main benefits of proxies are:

  • Increased anonymity: Proxies can hide your IP or assign you an IP that can’t be traced back to you.
  • Better security: Proxies make it difficult for anyone to trace your IP, gain access to your device, intercept your data, or send malicious content.
  • Giving access to blocked content: a lot of the content online is limited to certain geographical locations. Proxies can hide your IP and make it look like you are coming from the same location as the websites and give you access.

Challenges of Using Proxies

Proxies can be difficult to manage in-house. Companies need IT experts who know how to set them up, which can be costly and hinder other business processes. However, that’s why most companies turn to proxy providers that do all this for them.

On the other hand, the only real challenge of proxies is that they can hinder network performance. They slow down your connection speeds, and if this is something you rely on, you shouldn’t use one.


We hope this post helped you understand what a proxy is. Overall, proxies are really useful tools that can help both organizations and individuals. However, it’s important to choose the right proxy for your needs.

Make sure to research all types of proxies thoroughly to find the one that works best for you.